Treating And Repairing Acne Scars
Can acne scars be treated or repaired. If so, what are the methods of treating and repairing acne scars?
Scars are indications that the body has repaired itself, either due to injury or infection. Once an injury or infection occurs, white blood cells accumulate at the site to fight further infection and repair the damage. Once the damage is repaired scars often form. This process can be compared to a seam being sewn into a piece of torn fabric. The skin (or seam) will never be quite as smooth as it was before the damage. There are different types of acne scars and different degrees of each type. Some people may develop worse scars than others, depending on their individual tendencies.
Types of acne scars
There are two different types of scars caused by acne. The first type, depressed scarring, is caused by tissue loss and the second type, keloids, is caused by tissue formation.
1) Depressed Scarring
This type of scar is caused by the dermis being attacked by toxins escaping the skin. Once a cyst ruptures, it expels pus, oil, bacteria, and other poisons into the surrounding areas. White blood cells rush to the site of infection to repair the skin and, in the process, valuable collagen is lost, causing skin recesses or depressions. The skin above the injury will then develop scars most commonly called ice pick scars. Other scar types are soft, mascular, and fibrotic.
This type of scarring results from fibroblasts being triggered by the body during the repair process. Once collagen starts decreasing, the fibroblasts produce excessive collagen, resulting in tissues called keloids. They usually form on the male body and are sometimes called hypertrophic scars.
Treating the scars of acne
Consult your dermatologist about the best treatment for your scars. Discuss your feelings about the scarring, the cost of treatment, and what you want the end result of the treatment to be. Your dermatologist will need to consult with you regarding the severity and location of the scars, as well as what type of treatments are available.
Topical medications work well on early scars but surgical intervention is often needed for permanent scarring. Combinations of treatments are sometimes used. Topical medications, skin resurfacing procedures and surgical procedures are all used when indicated.
Surgical procedures are expensive and there are both advantages and disadvantages to this acne scar solution. Before utilizing surgery, physicians will evaluate the patient’s age, gender, history of medical problems, skin type, and scar type, among other things.
Sometimes, collagen or other injections can be used to raise the scar to skin level. These injections are called dermal fillers.
The “punch excision” procedure is frequently used by dermatologists when treating icepick or boxcar scars. This procedure involves slitting the skin with a special tool, and stitching the edges of the skin together. This forms a new scar that heals with clearer looking skin. There is also a variation of this procedure, called “punch excision with skin graft replacement.” It is much the same as the original procedure except for the skin being sewn together. It is, instead, skin-grafted to repair the scarring.
Subcutaneous Incision is yet another procedure but is used primarily on rolling scars. In this procedure, a needle is inserted into the skin and cuts the scar tissue. The skin bruises greatly during this procedure but clears up in about 1 week.
Laser resurfacing burns the topmost layer of skin, lowering it to the original skin level.
When you look at all these procedures used to treat scars, it is obvious that prevention is better than the cure.
To prevent scars from forming, try avoiding the sun, using alpha hydroxyl acids, exercising regularly, and maintain good dietary habits.